RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES, VOL. 21, ES4003, doi:10.2205/2021ES000767, 2021
P. A. Morozov, A. I. Berkut, P. L. Vorovsky, F. P. Morozov, S. V. Pisarev
This article documents the use of portable georadar for measuring the thickness of sea ice. This device was developed to replace the method for measuring ice thickness by drilling ice holes. The device based on the use of the LOZA georadar (ground penetrating radar, GPR) and a specially developed method of field measurements when landing on the studied ice formations. The study of the thickness and structure of sea ice by radar method is a complex problem. The salinity of sea ice determines its significant conductivity, which, in turn, causes a large attenuation of the electromagnetic signal of the georadar. The widespread GPR with a pulse power of 50–100 W are not applicable for sounding sea ice precisely because of the large signal attenuation. The LOZA instrument is equipped with a transmitter with a pulse power of 1 MW. This is, on average, 10,000 times greater than that of "traditional" GPRs. Multiple measurements of the thickness of ice formations, carried out on the one-year ice of the eastern shelf of Sakhalin Island during winter expeditions of 2016 and 2019, have shown that the device can quickly, accurately and with a high spatial resolution measure the thickness of both flat and highly deformed ice (hummocks, rafted ice, and rubble field) over large areas.
Received 12 April 2021; accepted 24 April 2021; published 14 August 2021.
Citation: Morozov P. A., A. I. Berkut, P. L. Vorovsky, F. P. Morozov, S. V. Pisarev (2021), Measuring sea ice thickness with the LOZA georadar, Russ. J. Earth Sci., 21, ES4003, doi:10.2205/2021ES000767.
Copyright 2021 by the Geophysical Center RAS.