RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES, VOL. 19, ES1003, doi:10.2205/2018ES000644, 2019
Mahesh Parwani, Roshni Atulkar, Shweta Mukherjee, P. K. Purohit
 This paper includes the study of diurnal, monthly, annual and seasonal variation of total electron content (TEC) at low, mid and high latitude in the Northern Hemispheric region. We have also correlated the TEC variation with the solar proxies (viz. $Dst$, $Kp$ index, F10.7 cm and sunspot number). This study was carried out during low solar activity period of 24th solar cycle i.e. from January 2016 to December 2016, at the three latitudes namely Mangilao, US (GUUG) at 13.44° N, 144.80° E, Urumqi, China (URUM) at 43.82° N, 87.60° E, and Ny-Alesund, Norway (NYAL) at 78.92° N, 11.86° E. We observed some unique feature like sinusoidal pattern of diurnal TEC and semiannual oscillation of seasonal TEC. We also observed that the highest values of diurnal and monthly TEC were obtained at low latitude station GUUG Mangilao. It is also seen that maximum seasonal TEC at low, mid and high latitudes was obtained during equinox.
Received 20 June 2018; accepted 29 August 2018; published 15 February 2019.
Citation: Parwani Mahesh, Roshni Atulkar, Shweta Mukherjee, P. K. Purohit (2019), Latitudinal variation of ionospheric TEC at Northern Hemispheric region, Russ. J. Earth Sci., 19, ES1003, doi:10.2205/2018ES000644.
Copyright 2019 by the Geophysical Center RAS.