RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES VOL. 8, ES4004, doi:10.2205/2006ES000214, 2006

Dispersion of the Sumatra Tsunami waves in the Indian Ocean detected by satellite altimetry

E. Kulikov
P. P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia


[1]  Indian Ocean tsunami 26 December, 2004 was recorded by several satellites, including JASON 1, ENVISAT and TOPEX-POSEIDON. The sea surface altimetry data collected by the satellites were used to examine the spectral characteristics of the open ocean tsunami waves as they propagated westward toward India and Sri Lanka. Wavelet analysis of the wave elevation reveals that the high frequency components of the 2004 Sumatra tsunami were markedly dispersive. The observed dispersion was found to be in a good agreement with theoretical estimates of the dispersion derived from the group velocity of the waves. The results of this analysis demonstrate the importance of wave dispersion for tsunami wave propagation and transformation and indicate the necessity to take into consideration this factor in numerical simulations of tsunami waves.

Received 25 October 2006; accepted 9 November 2006; published 15 November 2006.

Keywords: tsunami, satellite altimetry, cycle, wave dispersion, wavelet analysis.

Index Terms: 4565 Oceanography: Physical: Tsunamis and storm surges; 4594 Oceanography: Physical: Instruments and techniques; 3280 Mathematical Geophysics: Wavelet transform.


Citation: Kulikov, E. (2006), Dispersion of the Sumatra Tsunami waves in the Indian Ocean detected by satellite altimetry, Russ. J. Earth Sci., 8, ES4004, doi:10.2205/2006ES000214.

Copyright 2006 by the Russian Journal of Earth Sciences
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