RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES VOL. 8, ES6001, doi:10.2205/2006ES000206, 2006

Sedimentogenesis in Maastrichtian-Danian basins of the Russian plate and adjacent areas in the context of plume geodynamics

E. A. Molostovsky, and V. A. Fomin

Saratov State University, Saratov, Russia

D. M. Pechersky

Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia


[1]  The sediment composition and sedimentation conditions of Maastrichtian and Danian deposits in the vast territory of the Russian plate and adjacent regions of North Eurasia were studied. The succession of Late Cretaceous carbonaceous conditions of sedimentation in the Early Paleocene is noted in the major part of North Eurasia sedimentary basins. In some areas of the Lower Volga region and of the Northern Cis-Caspian basin, a radical change occurred in the sedimentation conditions at the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary: Lower Paleocene siliceous formation replaced Maastrichtian carbonaceous formations. It is assumed that in this case the silica mass delivery into the basin was caused by tectonic rejuvenation of faults system at the border between the Russian platform and the Cis-Caspian basin under the large impact events. At the Maastrichtian-Danian boundary and above in the Danian, the increase of magnetic susceptibility of rocks is commonly noted for the major part at the expense of enrichment of rocks with iron in paramagnetic compounds (ferric hydrooxide and iron-containing clayey minerals) similar to metal-bearing sediments and to a lesser degree at the transport of terrigenous material addition in the period of large Early Paleocene regression. In the sediments, microspherules of metallic iron are noted that are most likely of cosmic meteoric dust.

Received 12 September 2006; accepted 18 December 2006; published 28 December 2006.

Keywords: mantle plumes, K/T boundary, sediments, petromagnetism, magnetic susceptibility, paramagnetic magnetization, metallic iron, Russian plate.

Index Terms: 1519 Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism: Magnetic mineralogy and petrology; 1540 Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism: Rock and mineral magnetism; 1600 Global Change; 1749 History of Geophysics: Volcanology, geochemistry, and petrology.


Citation: Molostovsky, E. A., V. A. Fomin, and D. M. Pechersky (2006), Sedimentogenesis in Maastrichtian-Danian basins of the Russian plate and adjacent areas in the context of plume geodynamics, Russ. J. Earth Sci., 8, ES6001, doi:10.2205/2006ES000206.

Copyright 2006 by the Russian Journal of Earth Sciences
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