RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES VOL. 8, ES2002, doi:10.2205/2006ES000200, 2006

Upper Carboniferous-Permian stratigraphy and fusulinids from the Anarak region, central Iran

E. Ja. Leven
Geological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

M. N. Gorgij
Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences, Sistan and Baluchistan University, Zahedan, Iran


[1]  The section of Upper Carboniferous (Gzhelian) and Lower Permian (Asselian-Sakmarian) sediments in the Anarak region of central Iran was first thoroughly studied. The sediments are subdivided into two units, the lower, 95-m-thick, significantly calcareous Zaladou Formation and the upper, 100-m-thick, dolomitic Tighe-Maadanou Formation. The formations are united in the Anarak Group separated from the under- and overlying deposits by stratigraphic hiatuses. The Zaladou Formation contains fusulinids from top to bottom. At the base they are represented by species characteristic equally of the uppermost Kasimovian and the lower zone of the Gzhelian. The middle Gzhelian species were encountered at 70 m above the base and still higher the typical uppermost Gzhelian forms referred to the Ultradaixina bosbytauensis Zone, occur. The upper 6 m of the section are assigned to the Asselian including its lower and middle zones. Dolomites of the Tighe-Maadanou Formation lack faunal remains. According to the position in the section they are referred to the uppermost Asselian and to the Sakmarian. The described section is similar to that in the Ozbak-Kuh Mountains north of Tabas, where the both formations of the Anarak Group are recognized. West of Tabas, in the Kalmard region, the Khan Formation can be correlated with the group; in the Alborz, the Dorud Formation; and in northern Zagros (Abadeh region), the Vazhnan Formation, respectively. The fusulinid assemblage recorded in the studied section includes 70 species referred to 21 genera and 12 families. They are illustrated in 10 paleontological plates. Seven new species and subspecies Schwageriniformis acutatus, Rauserites stepanovi, R. (?) persicus, Rugosofusulina (?) iranica, R. (?) anarakensis, Ultradaixina bosbytauensis distincta, and Likharevites gracilis are described.

Received 10 March 2006; revised 15 April 2006; accepted 20 April 2006; published 3 May 2006.

Keywords: Carboniferous, Permian, stratigraphy, fusulinids, Iran.

Index Terms: 0999 Exploration Geophysics: General or miscellaneous; 1165 Geochronology: Sedimentary geochronology; 1705 History of Geophysics: Biogeosciences.


Citation: Leven, E. Ja., and M. N. Gorgij (2006), Upper Carboniferous--Permian stratigraphy and fusulinids from the Anarak region, central Iran, Russ. J. Earth Sci., 8, ES2002, doi:10.2205/2006ES000200.

Copyright 2006 by the Russian Journal of Earth Sciences
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