RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES VOL. 11, ES3003, doi:10.2205/2009ES000435, 2010
Peculiarities in creation of transnational GIS (using GIS "Mineral Resources, Metallogenesis and Tectonics of Northeast Asia" as an example)V. V. Naumova1, R. M. Miller2, M. I. Patuk1, M. Yu. Kapitanchuk1, W. J. Nokleberg2, A. I. Khanchuk1, L. M. Parfenov3, and S. M. Rodionov4 1Far East Geological Institute, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Science, Vladivostok, Russia 2Geological Survey of the United States of America, Menlo Park, California, USA 3Institute of Diamond and Precious Metal Geology, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Yakutsk, Russia 4Institute of Tectonics and Geophysics, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Khabarovsk, Russia
A concept of the transnational geological GIS creation consists in the consideration of spatial objects under study as an integrated complex system with its specific internal structure and cause-and-effect relations between its separate units. GIS application is a tool of systems approach, means of reality imaging when the real object (or a group of objects) is studied via specially developed model which reproduces attributes and characteristics of the original and a process. In this case, GIS data are founded on a common geological concept; geological objects are described by the interrelated features on the basis of common geological classifications; digital maps have a same topographic (geographical) background and legends concordant between each other and etc.GIS-technology for the creation of transnational geological GIS is based on the suggested concept and consists of following successive stages: design of a system (formalization of geological objects and their interrelations is the controlling factor in this stage); selection of hard- and software for realization of GIS-technology; creation of a topographic background (map); formation of digital maps and attribute databases in a GIS-environment; organization of a maximal interrelation between digital maps and databases for solving the information retrieval problems; development of a user-friendly interface. The suggested concept and GIS-technology has been successfully applied for the creation of GIS ``Mineral Resources, Metallogenesis and Tectonics of North-East Asia''. The system stores, processes, displays, disperse, and accesses cartographic and attribute information about geological objects of Eastern and Southern Siberia, South of the Russian Far East, Mongolia, North-East China, Korea, and Japan.
Received 18 December 2009; accepted 28 December 2009; published 22 January 2010.
Keywords: transnational GIS; GIS-technology; mineral resources; metallogenesis; tectonics
Citation: (2010), Peculiarities in creation of transnational GIS (using GIS "Mineral Resources, Metallogenesis and Tectonics of Northeast Asia" as an example), Russ. J. Earth Sci., 11, ES3003, doi:10.2205/2009ES000435.Copyright 2010 by the Russian Journal of Earth Sciences