RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES VOL. 10, ES3003, doi:10.2205/2007ES000238, 2008
The Borok INTERMAGNET magnetic observatoryA. Chulliat Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris - CNRS, Paris, France S. Anisimov Borok Geophysical Observatory, Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Borok, Yaroslavl' Region, Russia
 The Borok Geophysical Observatory (BGO) was established by the Schmidt's Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IPERAS) in 1957 under the International Geophysical Year program, as a central station of a mid latitude region observing the ULF geomagnetic field pulsations. In April 2004, the BGO and the Institute of Physics of the Earth in Paris (IPGP) installed new magnetometers, after which the observatory gained official INTERMAGNET magnetic observatory status. INTERMAGNET is a global network of cooperating digital magnetic observatories, adopting modern standard specifications for measuring and recording equipment and transmitting data in quasi-real time via Geomagnetic Information Nodes to the scientific community. Main results and future developments of the Borok INTERMAGNET observatory are presented. Almost ten years after the launch of the Ørsted magnetic satellite and a few years before that of the ESA Earth Explorer mission Swarm, the role of ground magnetic observatories such as Borok as evolved but remains essential.
Received 10 March 2008; accepted 24 March 2008; published 31 March 2008.
Keywords: Borok Geophysical Observatory, INTERMAGNET, magnetic observatories, geomagnetic jerks, geomagnetic data.
Index Terms: 1555 Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism: Time variations: diurnal to decadal; 1560 Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism: Time variations: secular and longer; 1594 Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism: Instruments and techniques.
Citation: (2008), The Borok INTERMAGNET magnetic observatory, Russ. J. Earth Sci., 10, ES3003, doi:10.2205/2007ES000238.Copyright 2008 by the Russian Journal of Earth Sciences
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