RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES VOL. 10, ES2004, doi:10.2205/2007ES000231, 2008
Mathematical modeling of potential catastrophic climate changesE. M. Volodin, V. Ya. Galin, N. A. Diansky, V. P. Dymnikov, and V. N. Lykossov Institute of Numerical Mathematics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
 The reproducing of modern climate and climate changes in 20 century by INM general circulation atmosphere and ocean model, and forecast of climate changes in 21 century using three scenarios with this model are shown. The model is capable to reproduce main features of observed climate and climate changes in 20 century. At the end of 21 century according to INM model global warming for scenarios A2, A1B, B1 equals 3.5, 2.6 and 2.0 degrees, it is not far from the average over 20 models that took part in the model comparison. The strongest warming is produced in Arctic and at the continents in midlatitudes. During global warming, the strongest decrease of sea ice is expected in Arctic at the end of summer, where sea ice can melt completely or almost completely at the end of 21 century. In winter decreasing of Arctic sea ice area can be as large as 20-30% of modern value. Sea level rise due to thermal expansion can be equal 13-20 cm in 2100 and 25-45 cm in 2200. During global warming, increasing of precipitation, increasing of river runoff and soil moisture in high and midlatitudes is expected by 10-30%. Decreasing of precipitation is expected in many subtropical regions, especially in Mediterranean and Central America. In Russia expected warming is stronger than the global averaged one. For scenario A1B, global warming is 3.3 degrees, winter warming in Russia is 4-6 degrees in the south, and 8-10 degrees in the north. In the coldest winter months warming can be stronger than that one in all winter months. In the warmest winter months warming can be smaller than that one in all winter months. Predicted summer warming in Russia equals 5-6 degrees in the south, and 3-4 degrees in the north. In the warmest summer months warming can be stronger than that one in all winter months. In the coldest summer months warming can be smaller than that one in all winter months. Over the most part of Russia increasing of precipitation by 1.1-1.5 times is expected. The exception is southern Russia, where decreasing of precipitation by 10-20% is predicted. At the end of 21 century increase of vegetation period by 20-50 days and decrease of number of frost days by 20-50 is predicted.
Received 12 February 2008; accepted 16 February 2008; published 29 February 2008.
Keywords: catastrophic climate changes, mathematical modeling, INM general circulation atmosphere and ocean model.
Index Terms: 1605 Global Change: Abrupt/rapid climate change; 1626 Global Change: Global climate models; 3367 Atmospheric Processes: Theoretical modeling; 3394 Atmospheric Processes: Instruments and techniques.
Citation: (2008), Mathematical modeling of potential catastrophic climate changes, Russ. J. Earth Sci., 10, ES2004, doi:10.2205/2007ES000231.Copyright 2008 by the Russian Journal of Earth Sciences
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