RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES VOL. 8, ES3002, doi:10.2205/2006ES000196, 2006
Typomorphic features of Cr-spinel and mineralogical prospecting guides for Cr ore mineralizationA. B. Makeyev Institute of Geology, Komi Research Center, Ural Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, Syktyvkar, Russia
 Alpine-type dunite-harzburgite-lherzolite massifs have long attracted much attention of geologists as reference objects for geological and petrological models and as massifs hosting economic deposits of Cr, Ni, and asbestos. Russia's largest deposits of Cr ores, Ni ores in weathering crusts, as well as deposits PGE, asbestos, and some other minerals are hosted by Alpine-type ultrabasic massifs of the Urals. The results of our long-term fieldwork and of the experimental and theoretical research of the mineralogy, petrography, and metallogeny of Uralian Alpine-type ultrabasites and the analysis of literature data on analogous rocks elsewhere led us to the following conclusions. The evolution of the mineral assemblages of the Alpine-type ultrabasites occurred in six major stages: mantle, regional metasomatic, pegmatitic, retrograde and prograde metamorphic, and hypergenesis. The Alpine-type ultrabasites evolved during the metamorphic stage in a closed system and could exchange only energy with the environment. The driving forces of the evolution of the mineral assemblages were variations in the intensive parameters of the mineral-forming medium, namely, a temperature and pressure decrease, variations in the fluid regime and in the pH and Eh. Certain ranges of thermodynamic parameters, and thus, certain types of mineral assemblages, corresponded to the typomorphic rocks of each stage.
Received 15 January 2006; revised 19 January 2006; accepted 1 February 2006; published 15 July 2006.
Keywords: alpine-type massifs, orogenic belts, petrology, Urals.
Index Terms: 1009 Geochemistry: Geochemical modeling; 1020 Geochemistry: Composition of the continental crust; 1090 Geochemistry: Field relationships; 3617 Mineralogy and Petrology: Alteration and weathering processes.
Citation: (2006), Typomorphic features of Cr-spinel and mineralogical prospecting guides for Cr ore mineralization, Russ. J. Earth Sci., 8, ES3002, doi:10.2205/2006ES000196.Copyright 2006 by the Russian Journal of Earth Sciences
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